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White Kangaroos

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The_Chieftain #1 Posted Jan 24 2018 - 22:13

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It’s Australia Day somewhere where this is being published. Probably in Australia, which means it’s Australia Day tomorrow for those of us with me in the US.

Australia is not known for being a tank powerhouse, AC tanks notwithstanding, and the introduction in combat of Australian tanks was something of a ‘come as you can’ affair. This was hampered somewhat by the fact that the new Australian Imperial Force didn’t actually bring any tanks along to the fight.

The first tanks arrived in Australia in 1929. One of them can still be seen in the RAAC museum in Puckapunyal, a Vickers Medium. However, outside of the formation of the Tank Section in 1930, and eventually two light tank companies, that was it for the interwar period. The companies were, perhaps, grandly named. Each company had five Mk VI A tanks. It could be worse. The two armored car regiments between them had seven armored cars.

The AIF was sent overseas tankless. A number of carriers were part of the unit’s organization, and armored cars and even more Mk VIs were provided by the British. However, one of the first notable actions, by 6th Australian Division, involved none of these. This was the assault to capture Bardia, a fortress just on the Libyan side of the Egyptian border, held by the Italians.


This was a multi-national affair, with the Aussies being supported by British tanks, and both Australian and British artillery lending a hand. The green Australians made up for their lack of experience by apparently just not giving a damn and moving forward with great aggression and zeal. The fighting happened over three days, and, just as their fathers had in France two decades prior, the Aussies learned the value of tank support.


2/1 Battalion during the fight received the support of a single, presumably lost, Matilda II tank. This one tank took under fire the post (#50) and guns which were holding up an advance, resulting in its capture. Immediately, though, the tank apparently set off to find its friends, and instead ran into another Australian company. After a small error in identification was communicated to the British tankies by rather irate Australians (The British likely couldn’t understand a word, but apparently got the gist), the tank directed its fire against more Italian guns, which promptly surrendered to the Aussies.

2/2 Battalion got on a bit better, with proper tank support. The Aussies witnessed the tanks dueling with the Italians which were holding them up, and coming out well for the exchange. One tank took over 40 hits and kept ticking.

17th Brigade fought the Italians at their Post 11, a very tough nut to crack, for three days. On day three, two Matilda IIs showed up. The Italians surrendered.

The Aussies also found themselves on the receiving end. After collecting a small batch of prisoners (about 500… If you think that’s small, two blokes in a Bren carrier captured a thousand Italians, and one British tank crew bailed out of their disabled tank and captured 1,500), a counter-attack by six Italian tanks forced the Australians to let them go again. It wasn’t until an anti-tank company showed up that the tanks were knocked out.


Some of the 40,000 Italians captured.

Very obviously, there was a need for tanks in the Australian units. This message was sent back to Australia where moves were set afoot to create a proper Australian armoured force, to include, eventually, three armoured divisions. This would, however, take time. In the meantime, the Australians needed something now.

Their solution, so it appeared, was the Italian armoured force captured at Bardia. A Squadron of the 6th Division’s Cavalry Regiment was given the tanks, which, for identification purposes, were given the prominent white kangaroos as found on their division insignia.

Cue the famous photos of the Italian tanks, M11/39s and M13/40s.





(This one got recaptured)

 The idea was that they would be used to provide support on the assault on Tobruk. The problem was that most of them broke down on the way there, with only seven of the starting number making it as far as the battle, and only one getting to the finish line. The M13/40 wasn’t a bad tank for 1940, but reliability, especially when away from the spare parts, was not known as its strength.

This wasn’t the only experience that Australian tankers had with captured equipment, however. Both 6th and 9th Divisions ended up fighting the French in Syria. Both units captured and used Renault R35s. Instead of a kangaroo, however, 9th Division’s logo was the platypus, so that got painted on the fenders instead.


Finally, of course, the AIF was recalled to the homeland, and then on to fight the Japanese. By that time, however, they were being fitted with British and American tanks, which actually worked well.

The kangaroos never went away, though. Although Bardia does seem to be the first time that the animal was painted onto a tank, I do recall seeing a presentation about the Australian purchase of the Abrams, going over the differences between the Aussie and American vehicles. Amongst the arrows pointing at the armor and the refrigerator (Yes, Aussie tanks have a fridge, lucky buggers), there was one pointing at the smoke grenade boxes, highlighting the Red Kangaroos!


Devildog8 #2 Posted Jan 25 2018 - 21:13


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Nice read :)

dont_ping_me #3 Posted Jan 25 2018 - 21:17


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Hopefully we will get a mission this weekend to earn a kangaroo emblem. Generally, I don't give a fig about emblems, but historical ones like this are cool.

Isola_di_Fano #4 Posted Jan 26 2018 - 01:03


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Is this article a subtle hint that we may be getting the M13/40 as a prem tank on Feb. 15-26 ?


Pretty please ? ...


Rumbleghost #5 Posted Jan 26 2018 - 02:07

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Riding in a captured tank sounds fun, espescially if your only option is your two black cadillacs.  But, how long can you seriously expect a tank to perform when you have no spare parts, crew training, maintenance manuals, specialty tools or mechanics who are familiar with it.  Keep in mind, these likely were infantry who captured it and gave the controls to whoever volunteered because they had driven a bulldozer in civilian life.  They probably didn't even have engine oil for it... just drove it until it stopped and thanked the Lord for the break from walking.

cappucino #6 Posted Jan 26 2018 - 02:58


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Thanks heaps for the article. It was nice to open up tanks today and see a little bit of history from my own country.

Happy Australia Day to all Aussies, Cheers! 

Plains_Gecko #7 Posted Jan 26 2018 - 03:26


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Thanks for that bit of history.  Who said computer games aren't educational LOL


I might have to use some gold to put a kangaroo on my Matilda since I am an Aussie and it is Australia day after all.

Ekky79 #8 Posted Jan 26 2018 - 06:25


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Happy Australia day Aussies!!!!! And remember don't let the Kangaroos hit your car on the way to the BBQ :) (especially White Kangaroos like the one above) 


Anlushac11 #9 Posted Jan 28 2018 - 02:51


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View PostLesser_Spotted_Panzer, on Jan 25 2018 - 15:17, said:

Hopefully we will get a mission this weekend to earn a kangaroo emblem. Generally, I don't give a fig about emblems, but historical ones like this are cool.


White Roo emblem is already in game, its on one of my Sentinels.


Would be cool to see a premium Carro Armato M13/40 but with giant white Roo's painted all over it and using a Commonwealth crew.

Isola_di_Fano #10 Posted Jan 28 2018 - 09:33


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View PostAnlushac11, on Jan 27 2018 - 20:51, said:



Would be cool to see a premium Carro Armato M13/40 but with giant white Roo's painted all over it and using a Commonwealth crew.


Heretic !


Logan_Longmire_ #11 Posted Jan 28 2018 - 16:17


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ya i would luv to have the kangaroo on my tanks lol thats not a tank hahahahaha o7 see u all out there i will be securing kills

cheapsk8 #12 Posted Feb 21 2018 - 01:34


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Chieftain, you might want to take a quick boo at the Canadian order of battle in NA for white kangaroo, C in Anzac is Canada.

-Aussie troops didn't trust Brits to provide them support.

-After Singapore, General Staff were skeptical of Aussie reliability

-Paint white kangaroos on the side of the Canadian 1st armour regiment's vehicles ( I may have the reg wrong, my military hist courses were a lifetime ago)

-Aussie troops think they have their own armour, Gen.Staff has reliable troops to keep their eye on Aussies

Beausabre #13 Posted Jan 10 2019 - 23:47


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From a historical standpoint every army in all time periods has used captured enemy equipment. The Germans in the Kaiser War valued captured Lewis Guns so much they issued a Dash Ten (US Army speak for "operators' manual") for them and even rechambered some to 7.92mm Mauser (They also bought the Madsen LMG to arm "Musketen" battalions). There's plenty of pictures of das herrenvolk toting Russian PPsH SMG's and Tokarev semiauto rifles and they captured so many 76mm, well...

"In 1941-42 the Wehrmacht captured hundreds of F-22s. Initially they were adopted as field guns, designated FK 296®. In late 1941 it was decided to rebuild the gun as an anti-tank weapon, 7.62 cm PaK 36®. The modifications included rechambering for a bigger cartridge, a modified recoil system, elevation controls that were moved to the left side of the barrel where the sights resided. Additionally the elevation was limited and most of the guns received a muzzle brake. New ammunition was produced for the gun. The PaK 36® reached the battlefield in the spring of 1942. 560 pieces were converted and some of them were used to arm Marder II and Marder III tank destroyers. Nine F-22s in the original configuration were mounted on SdKfz 6 halftrack tractors, resulting in the SdKfz 6 mit 7.62 cm FK 36®." So eventually, we can probably see some Marders rampaging across the WOT battlefield. And don't forget all those Opal "Blitz" trucks - the Reich's equivalent of the Deuce and a half - which were dragooned into Allied service on every front.

The ultimate occurred in medium mortars. In the 20's the French Brandt Company developed an improved Stokes mortar in 81mm and sold it to all comers. The French, US, Japanese and Italians adopted virtually identical weapons, the Russians, to be different" adopted it in 82mm and the Germans may have called it "8 cm" but that was rounding error, it was 81mm. The US went to the level of issuing firing tables to allow captured ammunition to be used in the M1 and I'm sure some enterprising mortar men used enemy weapons, too.


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